LC - Charter Schools

File:  LC





In order to (i) encourage the development of innovative programs; (ii) provide opportunities for innovative instruction and student assessment; (iii) provide parents and students more choices; (iv) provide innovative scheduling, structure and management; (v) encourage the use of performance-based educational programs; (vi) establish high standards for teachers and administrators; and (vii) develop models for replication in other public schools, the Buena Vista City School Board shall receive and consider applications for the establishment of charter schools.


Definition of Charter School

            A charter school is a public, non-sectarian alternative school located within the Buena Vista City school division or operated jointly by multiple school divisions.  A charter school may not be home-based and may be created as a new school or by converting all or part of an existing public school.  Conversions of private schools or home-based programs shall not be permitted.  A charter school for at-risk pupils may be established as a residential school.

            In establishing public charter schools within the division, the School Board will give priority to public charter school applications designed to increase the educational opportunities of at-risk students, particularly those at-risk students currently served by schools that have not achieved full accreditation.

            All charter schools shall be subject to federal and state law, regulations and constitutional provisions prohibiting discrimination in admissions, employment or operation on the basis of disability, race, creed, color, gender, national origin, religion, ancestry or the need for special education services.  Charter schools shall also be subject to any court-ordered desegregation plan in effect in the school division.  Charter schools, like all public schools, shall also be subject to the requirements of the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.



            Any person, group or organization may submit an application for the formation of a charter school.  Prior to submitting a charter school application to the School Board, a public charter school applicant may [LOCAL OPTION: a local school board may elect to replace “may” with “must” or “should”] submit its proposed charter application to the Board of Education for review and comment.  The Board of Education will examine such applications for feasibility, curriculum, financial soundness, and other objective criteria it may establish, consistent with existing state law.  The Board of Education’s review and comment will be for the purpose of ensuring that the application conforms to such criteria, but will not include consideration of whether the application should be approved by the local school board.

The applicant must complete the entire application in the format provided in Exhibit LC-E.  The School Board shall establish a “review team” consisting of appropriate school personnel, a local business representative and a resident charter school proponent to evaluate charter school applications.  The School Board shall designate the chairman of the review team as the contact person for answering questions about the application process and receiving applications.[1]  The review team shall work cooperatively with applicants for charter schools.  When an application is incomplete, the review team shall request the necessary information; an incomplete application is not grounds for denying a charter.  However, if the applicant does not provide the necessary information within a reasonable timeframe (established by the review team)[2] then the application may be denied. 

            The review team shall (1) recommend to the School Board appropriate criteria for reviewing charter school applications; (2) evaluate all charter school applications based on the review criteria adopted by the School Board; (3) recommend one of the following options to the School Board for each application: approve, reject, place on a waiting list or return with suggestions for improvement; (4) monitor charter school progress; and (5) make recommendations for revocation, renewal or non-renewal of charter contracts.

            The Buena Vista City School Board shall require a regulation for receiving, reviewing and ruling on applications for the establishment of charter schools.  Such regulation must include a timeline for the application and review process and the means for reviewing and evaluating each application, including the criteria on which the decision to grant or deny a charter will be based.[3]  A copy of the regulation, including the review criteria, shall be available to any interested party upon request. 


School Board Decision

            Written notice of the School Board’s decision shall be sent to the applicant and if the application is denied, the written notice shall include the reasons for the denial. The School Board decision whether to grant or deny an application shall be final.


Charter Contract

            Upon approval of a charter application, the School Board and the management committee of the charter school shall enter into a contract which contains all agreements between the School Board and the charter school; the approved application shall serve as the basis for the contract.[4]  The charter contract shall also include other provisions negotiated by the School Board or its designee. A charter may be granted for up to five years.  Any material revision of the charter contract shall be made in writing and must be approved by the School Board and the charter school.

Waivers of School Board Policy and State Regulation

A charter school may operate free from School Board policies and state regulations, except the Standards of Quality, the Standards of Accreditation and Standards of Learning, as agreed in the charter contract.  The School Board shall designate in its regulation governing charter schools which School Board policies may not be waived.  The School Board shall request from the Board of Education, on behalf of its charter schools, waivers from state regulation contained in each approved charter application.  If the charter school is designed to increase the opportunities of at-risk students, then the School Board shall request that the Board of Education approve an Individual School Accreditation Plan.


Management and Operation  

            A charter school shall be administered and operated by a management committee in the manner agreed to in the charter contract. The management committee shall be composed of parents of students enrolled in the school, teachers and administrators working in the school and representatives of any community sponsors, or any combination thereof.  A charter school shall be responsible for its own operations.  However, a charter school may negotiate and contract with the School Board, or any other third party, for the provision of necessary services; services provided by the School Board must be provided at cost (See Section XXIV in the Application).

            The applicant and members of the management committee, administrators, and other personnel serving in a public charter school must disclose any ownership or financial interest they may have in renovating, lending, granting, or leasing public charter school facilities.



            Charter school personnel shall be employees of the School Board and shall be selected as agreed in the charter contract. Professional, licensed employees currently employed by the School Board may volunteer for assignment to a charter school and may be assigned by the School Board to a charter school for one contract year and reassigned annually upon the request of the employee and management committee. Professional, licensed employees assigned to a charter school shall receive the same employment benefits as such personnel assigned to non-charter schools.  Professional, licensed personnel who request assignment to a non-charter school or who are not recommended for reassignment in the charter school, other than for reasons cited in § 22.1-307 of the Code of Virginia, shall be transferred to a non-charter school according to School Board policy.[5]

The School Board may employ health, mental health, social services and other related personnel to serve in residential charter schools for at-risk students as determined in the charter agreement.  However, the School Board is not required to fund the residential or other services provided by a residential charter school.

The School Board has the final authority to assign professional, licensed personnel to charter or other schools within the division.[6]


Charter schools shall be funded as provided by law and negotiated in the charter contract.


Revocation and Renewal of the Charter Contract[7]

            The School Board may revoke a charter contract if:

·        the charter school violates the conditions, standards or procedures established in the application;


·        the charter school violates a material term of the charter contract (for example, failing to provide required reports to the School Board); [8]


·        the charter school fails to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management;


·        the charter school violates any provision of law; or


·        the School Board determines that it is not in the public interest or for the welfare of the students within the division to continue the operation of the charter school (for example, the charter school is no longer financially sound or fails to achieve state testing standards or decrease absentee rates).


·        A charter contract may be renewed for up to five years.  The management committee must apply to renew the charter by SEPTEMBER 30 of the school year the charter expires.[9]  


The application for renewal shall contain:

·        a report on the progress of the charter school in achieving the goals, objectives, program and performance standards for students and other conditions and terms the School Board required in the charter;


·        a financial statement, on forms prescribed by the Board of Education, disclosing the costs of administration, instruction and other spending categories which is written in a way to allow the School Board and the public to compare such costs to the costs of other schools and comparable organizations; and


·        other information the School Board may require.


If a charter contract is revoked or not renewed, or a charter school is dissolved, the management committee shall be responsible for all financial obligations of the charter school.[10]



            The School Board shall report to the Board of Education the following:

·        the grant or denial of charter applications;


·        the number of charters granted or denied and the reasons for any such denials;


·        whether a public charter school is designed to increase the educational opportunities of at-risk students or any students served by schools that have not achieved full accreditation;


·        an annual evaluation of each charter school;


·        an annual comparison of the performance of charter school students and students enrolled in regular schools; and


·        the number of students enrolled in each charter school at the end of the school year.

            The Board of Education will report annually to the General Assembly the number of public charter school applications granted and denied, and the reasons for any such denials.



Adopted:        06/27/05; 08/23/04






Legal Ref:             20 U.S.C. § 6311(b) (1) (B).


Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §22.1-212.5 et seq.



© 5/05 VSBA

[1] The School Board must ensure a fair and objective process for receiving and evaluating applications.  Fairness and objectivity can be accomplished by establishing a review team.

[2] The law does not address applicants who fail to provide the requested information.  However, it seems logical to set some limit on the time for supplying incomplete information.  Certainly, if the applicant does not provide the information within the timeframe for approval of applications, as established by the review team, then the application could not be recommended for approval for the next school year.

[3] Virginia law leaves the entire application timeline and review process to the discretion of the School Board.

[4] Incorporating the application into the contract is the best way to ensure all terms of the application are included in the contract.


[5] A provision dealing with the transfer of charter school personnel should be added to School Board policies governing personnel.

[6] Unilaterally assigning personnel to a charter school may stifle the innovation and choice which were reasons for granting the charter.  However, the ultimate authority to assign personnel rests in the School Board. 

[7] § 22.1-212.12(C) of the Code of Virginia states that nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the authority of the School Board to decline to renew a charter contract.  This section suggests that the School Board is

not limited to the statutory criteria in making a renewal decision.  However, if other criteria are used in the renewal decision, then they should be stated in policy or regulation.

[8] Although not explicitly stated in the law, a charter could be revoked for a material violation of its terms.

[9] There is no statutory deadline for submitting a renewal application.  Wisdom suggests that the renewal application should be submitted at least six months before the expiration of the charter contract.  Therefore, if the charter is not renewed, the conclusion of financial and administrative operations, including the reassignment of personnel may be accomplished.

[10] This provision should be included in the charter contract.