GDQ - School Bus Drivers

File:  GDQ






            The school division shall implement a drug and alcohol testing program for school bus drivers and other employees who are required to hold a commercial driver's license (CDL) by U.S. Department of Transportation Regulations who perform safety-sensitive functions as required by federal and state law and regulations.


Prohibited conduct


            Drivers shall be prohibited from alcohol possession and/or use on the job, use during the four hours before performing safety-sensitive functions, having prohibited concentrations of alcohol in their systems while on duty or performing safety-sensitive functions, and use during eight hours following an accident or until after undergoing a post-accident alcohol test, whichever occurs first.


            No driver shall report for duty or remain on duty requiring the performance of safety-sensitive functions when the driver uses any controlled substances except when the use is pursuant to the instructions of a physician who has advised the driver that the substance does not adversely affect his ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.


Required testing


            Drivers shall be subject to pre-employment/pre-duty drug testing, reasonable suspicion alcohol and drug testing, random alcohol and drug testing, post-accident alcohol and drug testing, return-to-duty and follow-up alcohol and drug testing pursuant to procedures set out in the federal regulations. Pursuant to state law, drivers shall be subject to pre-employment alcohol testing. Any employee who refuses to submit to a post-accident, random, reasonable suspicion or follow up test shall not perform or continue to perform safety-sensitive functions.




            Each driver shall receive educational materials that explain the requirements of federal law and regulations together with a copy of the division's policy and procedures for meeting these requirements. Each driver shall sign a statement certifying that he/she has received a copy of the above materials and the division shall maintain this signed copy.


            Before performing each alcohol or controlled substances test, the division will notify the driver that the test is required by federal law or regulation.

Consequences if testing indicates drug or alcohol misuse


            If the testing confirms prohibited alcohol concentration levels or the presence of a controlled substance, the employee shall be removed immediately from safety-sensitive functions in accordance with the federal regulations. All drivers shall be advised of resources available and before a driver is re-instated, if at all, the driver shall undergo an evaluation by a substance abuse professional, comply with any required rehabilitation and undergo a return-to-duty test with negative urine sample.


Record retention


            The division shall maintain records in compliance with the federal regulations in a secure location with controlled access. With the driver's consent, the division may obtain any of the information concerning drug and alcohol testing from the driver's previous employer. A driver shall be entitled upon written request to obtain copies of any records pertaining to the driver's use of alcohol or controlled substances including information pertaining to alcohol or drug tests.


            Records shall be made available to a subsequent employer upon receipt of a written request from a driver.  Disclosure by the subsequent employer is permitted only as expressly authorized by the terms of the driver's request.


Test procedure


            The division shall administer controlled substance tests in accordance with federal laws governing test procedure and testing sites. The division shall take steps to insure proper training and testing procedures are provided.



Adopted:        06/27/05; 01/27/03






Legal Ref.:            49 U.S.C. § 31136


49 CFR § 382.101 et seq.


                                Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, section 22.1-178.                             


                                8 VAC 20-70-280.


Cross Ref.:            GBEA                     Unlawful Manufacture, Distribution, Dispensing, Possession or

                                                                Use of a Controlled Substance


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